When scientists conduct an experiment and analyze the results, the next step is to write up a report that describes the experiment and the results and submit it for publication in a scientific or medical journal that is “peer reviewed.”
“Peer reviewed” means that the paper is analyzed by fellow scientists, who evaluate the methods used and identify any potential flaws in logic or methodology that might shed doubt on the findings.
Publishing results of research projects in peer-reviewed journals enables the scientific and medical community to evaluate the findings themselves. It also provides instructions so that other researchers can repeat the experiment or build on it to verify and confirm the results.
Researchers’ publication records carry a great deal of weight when they apply for academic posts or research grants, and in their reputation in the scientific community.
Visit The National Library of Medicine's PubMed website to read the latest articles about multiple sclerosis.
Researchers also share results at national and international meetings and workshops, which are vital to building collaborations and stimulating cross-fertilization of ideas and methods.