Treatments and Symptom Management - National Multiple Sclerosis Society

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Treatments and Symptom Management

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  1. Bowel Problems (.pdf)

    Ways to manage common bowel problems in MS. (last updated 2014)

  2. Controlling Spasticity (.pdf)

    Managing this common, sometimes disabling, MS symptom—roles of self-help, medications, physical therapists, nurses, and physicians. (last updated May 2014)

  3. Depression and MS (.pdf)

    Symptoms of depression, the relationship between MS and depression, available therapies, and where to find help. (last updated November 2011)

  4. Fatigue: What You Should Know (.pdf)

    MS fatigue can be reduced with treatments and self-help. (last updated January 2012)

  5. Gait or Walking Problems (.pdf)

    Walking problems and how they can be addressed. (last updated 2014)

  6. How to Choose the Mobility Device that is Right for You (.pdf)

    Understand the full range of tools available to stay functionally mobile, comfortable and safe. Offers full-color photos of devices ranging from the simplest cane to the most complex power chair, guidance on how to determine if and when a device might be appropriate, and important safety tips. Introduces readers to assistive technology professionals and outlines the steps involved in a comprehensive evaluation for a wheeled mobility device. (New August 2013)

  7. Intimacy and Sexuality (.pdf)

    MS can affect sexuality, both directly and indirectly, but problems can be resolved or minimized. By Rosalind Kalb, PhD. (last updated February 2012)

  8. MS and Pregnancy (.pdf)

    Covers pregnancy, delivery, nursing, hormones, and questions about the disease-modifying drugs. (last updated May 2006)

  9. MS and the Mind (.pdf)

    A reprint from InsideMS. Covers depression, cognitive functions, mood swings, coping tips and medications. (last updated June 2008)

  10. Multiple Sclerosis and Your Emotions (.pdf)

    How to manage some of the emotional challenges created by MS. By Rosalind Kalb, PhD (last updated December 2011)

  11. Pain: The Basic Facts (.pdf)

    An overview of treatments and strategies for managing MS-related pain. (last updated 2004)

  12. Review of Regular Medications and Supplements (.pdf)

    A form to help people keep track of their prescription drugs, over-the-counter remedies, herbals, vitamins, or other dietary supplements.

  13. Sleep Disorders and MS: The Basic Facts (.pdf)

    Reviews common sleep problems and what can be done about them. (last updated 2014)

  14. Solving Cognitive Problems (.pdf)

    Discusses mental functions most likely to be affected by MS. Self-help and information on cognitive rehabilitation. By Nick LaRocca, PhD, with Martha King. (last updated November 2011)

  15. Speech and Swallowing Problems (.pdf)

    Speech and swallowing problems can be helped with exercise, medications, or technological aids. (last updated 2014)

  16. The MS Disease-Modifying Medications (.pdf)

    Information on the disease-modifying medications (Aubagio® Avonex®, Betaseron®, Copaxone®, Extavia®, Gilenya®, LemtradaTM, Novantrone®, PlegridyTM, Rebif®, Tecfidera® and Tysabri®). Includes how each is taken, side effects, benefits, and available help. (last updated November 2014).

  17. Tremor The Basic Facts (.pdf)

    A troubling MS symptom described. Coping strategies and research horizons. (last updated 2004)

  18. Urinary Dysfunction and MS (.pdf)

    Sophisticated explanation of treatments for MS-related urinary problems. Detailed descriptions of diagnostic testing, management strategies, and commonly prescribed drugs. By Nancy J. Holland, RN, EdD, MSCN and Nancy Reitman, RN, MA, MSCN. (last updated February 2013)

  19. Vision Problems (.pdf)

    Current therapy for MS-related eye disorders. Discusses low-vision aids. (last updated November 2008)

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