There is no cure for Balo’s disease at this time, and no medications have been specifically approved to treat it. The standard of care for early treatment of Balo’s disease includes treatment with corticosteroids to decrease inflammation in the affected areas of the brain and spinal cord. Treatment to relieve symptoms, such as spasticity, weakness, pain, or ataxia, includes treatment with certain medications and referral to rehabilitation specialists.
While Balo’s disease often results in severe disability or death within months, an increasing number of patients have been reported to survive or to have spontaneous remission with no further symptoms. It is also possible to have Balo’s disease and have no symptoms.