The National MS Society provides information, resources, programs and services for individuals living with the other immune-mediated, demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system listed below. Learn more about programs and services in your area by clicking here or calling 1-800-344-4867. Click on any of the links below to learn more about each disease, its diagnosis and treatment, related research, and helpful resources.
A brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord and occasionally the optic nerves that damages the brain’s myelin (the white coating of nerve fibers).
A rare demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) in which the myelin (the fatty substance covering nerve fibers) is damaged.
A first neurologic episode of inflammation or demyelination (loss of the myelin that covers the nerve cells) in the central nervous system (CNS – brain, spinal cord and optic nerve) lasting at least 24 hours.
A slowly progressive, chronic myelopathy (disease of the spinal cord) seen in some people infected with the HTLV-1 virus.
An autoimmune disorder in which immune system cells and antibodies mistakenly attack and destroy myelin cells in the optic nerves and the spinal cord.
A very rare, progressive, degenerative, demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) that usually begins in childhood.
A neurological disorder caused by inflammation (swelling) across both sides of one level or segment of the spinal cord.