Despite Being Overweight, Most Do Not Adopt Specific Diets in New Study of People with MS
January 6, 2020
--Study suggests a need for more education about the link between obesity and MS severity
Obesity is common in the general population of the U.S., and is associated with a higher risk of many health issues. In MS, obesity has been linked to increased relapses and disease progression. In a newly published study, although most of the people with MS studied were overweight or obese, only 10% of 470 people with MS and 11% of 519 controls without MS adopted a specific diet to lose weight. This team is led by Rebecca Russell and Lucinda Black, PhD (Curtin University, Perth, Australia).
- 67% of people with MS and 71% of controls without MS were either overweight or obese. Participants were people from Southern California who were recruited from a previous study, known as the MS Sunshine Study. They were asked if they adopted one of nine suggested diets or an “other” diet for nutrition or weight loss purposes.
- Hispanic/Latino participants were less likely to adopt a specific diet. People who were female and younger were more likely to adopt a specific diet.
- The authors suggest the findings point to a need for more MS-focused education about nutrition and the negative impacts that obesity has on overall health and MS symptoms.
- “Obesity, dieting, and multiple sclerosis” was published online December 9, 2019 in MS and Related Disorders.
Multiple sclerosis is an unpredictable disease of the central nervous system. Currently there is no cure. Symptoms vary from person to person and may include disabling fatigue, mobility challenges, cognitive changes, and vision issues. An estimated 1 million people live with MS in the United States. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to minimize disability. Significant progress is being made to achieve a world free of MS.