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Smoking and MS: New Review Provides Reasons to Stop Smoking Now

December 19, 2019

Researchers have published a review of the medical literature relating to multiple sclerosis and cigarette smoking from 1965 to 2018. The paper cites previous evidence that smoking increases the risk of developing MS, and provides numerous reasons for people with MS who smoke to quit now because it can make MS substantially worse. The authors are Mattia Rosso, MD, and Tanuja Chitnis, MD (Harvard Medical School).
  • The authors explain that a burning cigarette contains more than 7,000 compounds. Many compounds affect the immune system, starting an inflammation-promoting cascade that begins in the lungs and travels to the nervous system. Other compounds are toxic to nerve cells and cells that make nerve-protecting myelin, possibly explaining why people with MS who smoke are more likely to have a worse disease course.
  • Smoking can increase a person’s chance of getting MS, worsen MS disease activity, and speed up disease progression and loss of brain tissue volume. It can also worsen other health conditions that are increased in people with MS, such as heart, respiratory and circulatory disorders. 
  • Physician counseling is key for people with MS who smoke. The authors recommend that healthcare providers assess their patients’ willingness to quit at every office visit, but nonjudgmentally, keeping in mind that people likely have tried to quit previously and may feel helpless.
  • Smoking may be a pleasant habit for people with MS, and a coping mechanism, so quitting – or attempting to quit – can increase stress. Healthcare providers and their patients can work together to determine the best time and method for quitting.
  • “Association Between Cigarette Smoking and MS, A Review” was published December 16, 2019, in JAMA Neurology.
  • Get tools and tips for quitting smoking

About Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. Symptoms range from numbness and tingling to blindness and paralysis. The progress, severity and specific symptoms of MS in any one person cannot yet be predicted, but advances in research and treatment are leading to better understanding and moving us closer to a world free of MS. Most people with MS are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50, with at least two to three times more women than men being diagnosed with the disease. MS affects more than 2.3 million people worldwide.

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