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  1. Walking (Gait) Difficulties : National Multiple Sclerosis ... Most gait problems can be helped to some extent by physical therapy, stretching exercises, the use of appropriate assistive devices and, in some cases, medications for spasticity, fatigue, and walking speed (e.g., Ampyra). Your physical therapist may suggest exercises or gait training such as vestibular exercises — designed to induce brief periods of loss of balance.
  2. Two New Devices for Foot Drop (.pdf) : National Multiple ... This article explores two new devices that are now on hte market to alleviate foot drop (difficulty lifting the foot). Download Document
  3. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) : National ... The National MS Society frequently fields questions about functional electrical stimulation (FES) — usually in relation to the products WalkAide from Innovative Neurotronics, NESS L300™ from Bioness® and the Odstock Dropped Foot Stimulator from Odstock Medical Limited in the United Kingdom.
  4. Dizziness and Vertigo : National Multiple Sclerosis Society Dizziness is a common symptom of MS. People with MS may feel off balance or lightheaded. Much less often, they have the sensation that they or their surroundings are spinning — a condition known as vertigo.
  5. Tremor : National Multiple Sclerosis Society Tremor is an involuntary movement of the limbs, body or head that can occur in MS. Tremor also occurs in other conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, and can also be provoked by some medications.
  6. Staying Mobile : National Multiple Sclerosis Society When symptoms of MS such as fatigue, weakness, incoordination, sensory changes in feet or hands, vision problems, or cognitive changes interfere with driving safely, an occupational therapist or certified ADED driving specialist can assess your needs and recommend adaptations and tools (.pdf), and vehicle or van modifications to help keep you driving as long as possible.
  7. Symptoms & Diagnosis : National Multiple Sclerosis Society In multiple sclerosis (MS), damage to the myelin coating around the nerve fibers in the central nervous system (CNS) and to the nerve fibers themselves interferes with the transmission of nerve signals between the brain, spinal cord and the rest of the body.
  8. Vision Problems : National Multiple Sclerosis Society A vision problem is the first symptom of MS for many people. Fortunately, the prognosis is good for recovery from many vision problems associated with MS.
  9. Assessment and Intervention : National Multiple Sclerosis ... Physical and occupational therapists utilize a variety of strategies to assess and address impairments. This article lists common complaints, assessments, and impairments. *Note: Examples presented should not be considered exhaustive.
  10. Functional Systems Scores (FSS) and Expanded Disability ... Clinical Study Measures. 9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT) Ambulation Index (AI) Bladder Control Scale (BLCS) Bowel Control Scale (BWCS) Disease Steps (DS) Functional Systems Scores (FSS) and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)