Modifying the disease course
The following US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved disease modifying therapies for MS have been found through clinical trials to reduce the number of relapses, delay progression of disability, and limit new disease activity (as seen on MRI).
- Injectable medications
- Avonex (interferon beta-1a)
- Betaseron (interferon beta-1b)
- Copaxone (glatiramer acetate)
- Extavia (interferon beta-1b)
- Glatiramer Acetate Injection (glatiramer acetate -generic equivalent of Copaxone 20 mg and 40 mg doses)
- Glatopa (glatiramer acetate - generic equivalent of Copaxone 20mg and 40mg doses)
- Plegridy (peginterferon beta-1a)
- Rebif (interferon beta-1a)
- Zinbryta (daclizumab)
- Zinbryta (daclizumab) was withdrawn from the worldwide market on March 2, 2018. Please see important information about the withdrawal in our Society News.
- Oral medications
- Infused medications
Following the treatment plan that you and your doctor have established is the best possible strategy for managing your MS:
Under certain circumstances, some healthcare providers may use medications to treat MS that have FDA approval for other diseases -- also called "off-label" use. Over the past few decades, several medications have been used off-label in MS
MS relapses are caused by inflammation in the central nervous system that damages the myelin coating around nerve fibers. This damage slows or disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses and causes the symptoms of MS. Most relapses will gradually resolve without treatment.
For severe relapses (involving loss of vision, severe weakness or poor balance, for example), which interfere with a person’s mobility, safety or overall ability to function, most neurologists recommend treatment with corticosteroids. The most common treatment regimen is a three-to-five-day course of high-dose, intravenous corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and end the relapse more quickly. This regimen may or may not be followed with a slow taper of oral prednisone. Corticosteroids are not believed to have any long-term benefit on the disease. Medication options include:
A wide variety of medications are used to help manage the symptoms of MS. Below are common symptoms of MS and the medications used to treat those symptoms.