Establishing and following a treatment plan with your healthcare provider is the best strategy for managing your MS. Medications are used in multiple sclerosis (MS) to modify the disease course, treat relapses — also called attacks or exacerbations — and manage symptoms. Along with the other essential components of comprehensive MS care, these medications help you manage your MS and enhance your quality of life.
Modifying the disease course
The following US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved disease modifying therapies for MS have been found through clinical trials to reduce the number of relapses, delay progression of disability, and limit new disease activity (as seen on MRI).
- Injectable medications
- Oral medications
- Infused medications
Under certain circumstances, some healthcare providers may use medications to treat MS that have FDA approval for other diseases – read more about "off-label" use. For help with DMT costs, read about pharmaceutical companies’ patient assistance programs.
MS relapses are caused by inflammation in the central nervous system that damages the myelin coating around nerve fibers. This damage slows or disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses and causes the symptoms of MS. Read more about managing relapses here.
Below are common symptoms of MS and some of the medications used to treat those symptoms.
Learn more about treatment options by watching these videos. Additional videos on specific treatments are available on the treatment's web page.