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Multiple Sclerosis & Coronavirus

Living with a chronic disease brings special considerations. Learn more about risk factors, ways to stay well, and specific recommendations.

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In this article

Coronavirus Risk for People Living with Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

MS itself does not increase the risk of getting COVID-19. However, certain factors may increase your risk for more severe illness:
  • Chronic medical conditions, such as lung disease, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, smoking and asthma
  • Limited mobility, including significantly impaired walking and/or spending most of your day seated or in bed
  • Age 65 or older
  • Possibly taking certain disease modifying therapies that deplete immune system cells
  • Severe obesity or BMI higher than 40
  • Living in a long-term care facility

Protecting Yourself from Coronavirus

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides recommendations on how to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and what to do if you show symptoms.   

MS Healthcare Providers

Healthcare providers who treat people living with MS can find additional information in our Professional Resource Center.

Working and Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Healthcare Workers Who Have MS
  • There is no increased risk of you getting COVID-19 because you have MS.
  • If you are concerned about your risk of getting COVID-19 because of the DMT you take, please contact your MS provider for advice.
  • There are no special personal protective equipment (PPE) instructions for people with MS. You should follow the same precautions as other healthcare workers.
Employee Rights

There are many protections that could be available to you if your employer is not being flexible with work from home options or workplace accommodations. Visit our employment resources page to learn more or contact an MS Navigator to discuss your individual rights and options.

Children with MS

There is no specific advice for children with MS; they should follow the advice above for all people with MS. The CDC has specific recommendations for children and COVID-19.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

At this time there is no specific advice for women with MS who are pregnant or breastfeeding. There is general information on COVID-19 and pregnancy and breastfeeding on the CDC website.

Vitamin D and COVID-19

Vitamin D has many functions, including supporting the immune system response to infections. There have been recent reports that low Vitamin D may be associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes.  However, a large study looking at risk of getting COVID-19 did not identify low Vitamin D as a risk factor.  Clinical trials are underway to see if Vitamin D supplements play a role in reducing severe COVID-19 outcomes. Until more is known, there is no recommendation to start or increase Vitamin D supplements. Read more about vitamin D and MS.

Additional Resources



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